The London Underground, and indeed the world’s first underground, made its debut today back in 1863 as the Metropolitan Railway.
It ran gas-lit wooden carriages that were hauled by steam locomotives from Paddington Station to Farringdon Street, stopping off at Edgware Road, Baker Street, Portland Road, Gower Street and King's Cross along the way. Despite a few teething problems, including a sewer flooding the construction works, 38,000 folk came out for a ride on the first day. By 1880 the new Tube was carrying 40 million passengers a year.
The London Underground continues to grow, now carrying four million passengers a day and a staggering 1.305 billion per year. Love it or loathe it, The Tube is a London creation to be proud of, so today we're drinking a Piccadilly Martini to the London Underground and all its staff [who we'd love to accept that they are well paid and stop going on strike. Driverless trains ASAP please]. This recipe is adapted from one in the 1930 edition of Harry Craddock's The Savoy Cocktail Book. Alternatively, you might consider a London Scramble more appropriate.
Today, back in 1964 the unfortunately named HMS Tiptoe, a British submarine, ran aground on a mudbank in the River Clyde, causing red faces all round, particularly as it run aground opposite the house of the Royal Navy's Captain in Charge for the Clyde area, Captain G. D. Pound.
We should mention that the sub had been named Tiptoe, over howls of protest from the Navy, by none other than Winston Churchill, who might well have been drunk at the time.
This wasn't, in fact, the first incident in Tiptoe's career - as the embarrassing moment when a French nuclear-powered sub and a British nuclear-powered sub bumped into each other in the Channel shows, submarines are surprisingly prone to hitting things.
In 1955, Tiptoe had hit a steam ship in n Tromsø harbour, Norway; in 1965, she'd have a whoopsie with the Royal Navy ship, HMS Yarmouth, off Portland. When she was finally retired, in 1969, a ballerina danced on her deck in honour of her name.We are toasting Tiptoe with a Tip Top Cocktail, a surprisingly delicious spirit-free concoction we found in Albert S. Crockett's 1935 Old Waldorf Bar Days.