The oldest film production company in America, Universal Studios, was established today in 1912 as the Universal Film Manufacturing Company, by a German-Jewish immigrant from Wisconsin named Carl Laemmle.
He was largely motivated by irritation at Thomas Edison, who refused stars credits and charged high fees to show his movies. Universal survives today in a much changed form, having been sold, merged, demerged and remerged many times.
To all the beautiful actresses that Mr Laemmle brought to the silver screen, today we're drinking a Platinum Blonde.
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