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A classic Dry Martini with cocktail onions in place of an olive or a twist.
Today a Gibson is a Dry Martini served with two onions. Charles Dana Gibson produced hugely popular pen-and-ink drawings between the 1890s and 1930s. His illustrations of girls were iconic and it is said this drink was named after the well-endowed Gibson Girls, hence the two onions. Gibson was a member of New York's The Players Club and a bartender there by the name of Charley Connolly is credited for at least adding the garnish, if not actually creating the drink.
However, recipes for the Gibson without onions appear in both the 1914 Drinks by Jacques Straub and in Tom Bullock's 1917 The Ideal Bartender with the recipe for a Martini-like drink called a L.P.W. specifying "Add a pickled onion and serve." Bullock also includes a cocktail called an "Onion Cocktail" with old tom gin, Italian vermouth "and no bitters" with the instruction "Strain and serve with an onion."
Also see our Dry Martini page.