Αποσταγματα

Τα Abbott's Bitters image

Τα Abbott's Bitters

Η εταιρία C.W. Abbott and Co. δημιουργήθηκε το 1865 στην Βαλτιμόρη του Maryland, μία περιοχή η οποία εκείνη την περίοδο αποτελούσε ένα από τα σημαντικότερα κέντρα παραγωγής αλκοόλ παγκοσμίως.

Το Akvavit/Aquavit image

Το Akvavit/Aquavit

Η λέξη akvavit, όπως και η λέξη ουίσκι, προέρχεται από τον αλχημικό όρο 'νερό της ζωής' (aqua vitae στα Λατινικά.) Είναι επίσης γνωστό ως aquavit.

Arak / Araq / Raki image

Arak / Araq / Raki

Το Arak ή Araq (γνωστό και ως Ρακή) είναι ένα αλκοολούχο ποτό αρωματισμένο με γλυκάνισο το οποίο παραδοσιακά σερβίρεται σε χώρες της Μέσης Ανατολής όπως το Ιράκ, το Λίβανο, η Ιορδανία και η Συρία, αν και η παραγωγή του γίνεται και στην Ανατολική Μεσόγειο και Βόρεια Αφρική.

Τι είναι τα bitter; image

Τι είναι τα bitter;

Τα bitter είναι οινοπνευματώδη ποτά τα οποία παρασκευάζονται με την προσθήκη βοτάνων, μπαχαρικών, φρούτων ή φλουδών που εμβαπτίζονται σε αλκοόλ ή γλυκερίνη.

Η Cachaca image

Η Cachaca

Στην Βραζιλία η Cachaca λέγεται και “Caninha” (μικρό καλάμι) ή “aguardente de cana” που σημαίνει “απόσταγμα από ζαχαροκάλαμο” αλλά μεταφράζεται ως “ισχυρό ποτό από ζαχαροκάλαμο” (Cane Firewater). Από την άλλη, το συγκεκριμένο απόσταγμα θα το συναντήσουμε και με επιπλέον ονομασίες όπως garapa doida, pinga, parati, cana, imaculada, maria-branca, purinha ή zuninga. Όπως και να’ χει, τα περίπου 4 εκατομμύρια λίτρα που εξάγονται τον χρόνο πρέπει να αναγράφουν την ένδειξη “Cachaca” πάνω στην ετικέτα τους.

Το Jenever (Genever) image

Το Jenever (Genever)

Το genever, ή jenever θα το συναντήσετε και ως jeneva, geneva ή και hollands και πρόκειται για ένα απόσταγμα αρωματισμένο με άρκευθο που παράγεται στην Ολλανδία και το Βέλγιο. Σύμφωνα με ένα λεξικό του 1672, η λέξη genever γράφτηκε για πρώτη φορά με ‘g’, ωστόσο συχνά θα το δούμε και με ‘j’ και αυτό γιατί το juniper (άρκευθος) στα γαλλικά λέγεται ‘genievre’ ενώ στα ολλανδικά ‘jineverbes’.

Το Ναυτικό ρούμι image

Το Ναυτικό ρούμι

Η σύνδεση ανάμεσα στον βασιλικό βρετανικό στόλο και το ρούμι πηγαίνει πίσω στο 1655, όταν ο αρχιναύαρχος William Penn αποφάσισε να επεκταθεί προς τις Δυτικές Ινδίες.

Το Single Malt σκοτσέζικο ουίσκι image

Το Single Malt σκοτσέζικο ουίσκι

Ο ορισμός του ‘Single Malt Scotch’ αναφέρεται σε ουίσκι τα οποία πληρούν τις 3 προϋποθέσεις του ίδιου του όρου:

Οι περιοχές του Σκοτσέζικου ουίσκι image

Οι περιοχές του Σκοτσέζικου ουίσκι

Τα Single Malt ουίσκι κατηγοριοποιούνται ανάλογα με την περιοχή στην οποία παράγονται, κάθε μία εκ των οποίων έχει τα δικά της χαρακτηριστικά.

Ρούμι: Το λεξικό και οι κατηγορίες του image

Ρούμι: Το λεξικό και οι κατηγορίες του

Το φάσμα του ρουμιού είναι τεράστιο. Το ίδιο ισχύει και με τις κατηγορίες του. Στην αγορά θα βρούμε από πολύ ελαφριά λευκά ρούμια, μέχρι αρκετά πολύπλοκα και με πλούσιο σώμα σαν του Κονιάκ. Οι διαφορές ανάμεσα στα είδη του ρουμιού είναι τεράστιες και σα να μην έφταναν αυτές, υπάρχουν ακόμη και τα αρωματισμένα ρούμια που περιπλέκουν ακόμη περισσότερο την κατάσταση.

Το Bourbon image

Το Bourbon

Το Bourbon είναι όσο αμερικάνικο είναι και το Grand Canyon ή η σημαία με τα αστέρια! Συχνά ωστόσο υπάρχουν ορισμένες παρανοήσεις σχετικά με το τι ακριβώς είναι ή το πώς παράγεται. Το Bourbon λοιπόν είναι μία συγκεκριμένη κατηγορία αμερικάνικου ουίσκι η οποία προκειμένου να ονομαστεί έτσι πρέπει να ακολουθεί κάποιες προϋποθέσεις. Ορισμένες από αυτές είναι:

Armagnac image

Armagnac

Armagnac is a fine brandy from South West France. It is distinguished from Cognac by its use of single continuous distillation rather than double batch distillation. This, and the use of different grape varieties, soil and climatic conditions, produces more characteristically robust, characterful brandies.

Arrack image

Arrack

Arrack is often confused with the similarly pronounced and spelt 'Arak', which is a Middle Eastern anise flavoured distillate, similar to pastis or ouzo. 'Arrack', spelt with two 'r's and a 'c', is harder to define as it is a spirit which does not have a uniform category. Indeed, arrack is a Hindi catch-all term for distilled spirits in the same manner as 'liquor' in English.

Baijiu (白酒) / Shaojiu (烧酒) image

Baijiu (白酒) / Shaojiu (烧酒)

Baijiu (白酒) or Shaojiu (烧酒) is a Chinese distilled alcoholic beverage between 40-60% alc./vol. Baijiu literally translates as 'white alcohol' and this clear spirit is most commonly distilled from fermented sorghum bicolor (a grass species cultivated for its edible grain) or maize, but also glutinous rice, wheat, barley and other grains.

Beer eau-de-vie (bierbrand) image

Beer eau-de-vie (bierbrand)

Beer eau-de-vie is traditionally made in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Belgium and France, typically by smaller breweries and beer brewing monasteries working in conjunction with local distillers. Beer is seldom produced especially for this purpose, instead it is usually a brewery's regular beer which is simply sent to the distiller, or distilled in-house.

Black (dark) rums image

Black (dark) rums

Whether sold as “black rum” or “dark rum” these molasses-based blended rums have one thing in common, they are deep brown, virtually black in colour due to the addition of caramel and/or molasses. The best also draw colour from aging in heavily charred casks.

Blanche d'Armagnacs image

Blanche d'Armagnacs

Blanche has long been consumed in the Armagnac region but you had to know a distiller in order to obtain what was flavoursome hootch. However, in 2007 this unaged Armagnac spirit was officially recognised by the French authorities and brought under Armagnac's Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée.

Boker's / Bogart's Bitters image

Boker's / Bogart's Bitters

A historic brand of bitters originally created by Johann Gottlieb Böker in 1828 and produced until the 1920s. However, the historic notoriety of these bitters has led to at least three different modern-day producers using surviving vintage bottles and written information to reimagine and recreate these historic bitters.

Botanical spirits image

Botanical spirits

All the botanical influences and low cost of entry distillation opportunities which gin offers, but without gin's restrictive requirement to include and make juniper predominant. This combination makes Botanical Spirits my bet as being the next big spirits category – a category that offers a diversity of flavour and versatility beyond that of any other spirits category.

Brandy (eaux-de-vie, cognac & armagnac) image

Brandy (eaux-de-vie, cognac & armagnac)

Brandy is distilled from fermented fruit (not grain). The name brandy comes from northern Europe, where ‘brand’ means to burn, and is a reference to the heat used in distillation. Most brandies are distilled from fermented grape juice (i.e. wine). However, they can also be distilled from other fruits - notably plums, apples and cherries. Most wine-making areas also produce brandy.

Canadian Whiskey image

Canadian Whiskey

Canadian whisky (spelt without an 'e') has for decades been the best-selling whiskey in the USA and tends to be light bodied in style.

Cognac image

Cognac

Cognac is a fine French brandy (eau-de-vie) from the region that surrounds the little town of Cognac in southwest France. Like champagne, its mere name suggests luxury and indeed it is the undisputed king of all brandies.

Grappa image

Grappa

Grappa is an Italian marc brandy made from the fermented skins, pips and stalks (known as pomace, marc or vinaccia in Italian) left after grapes have been pressed to extract juice for wine making. It may be bottled after distillation or matured in oak or other woods. Grappa originated in Italy and, in the E.U. to be termed a grappa, a brandy must be distilled in Italy from Italian grape pomace.

Peruvian pisco image

Peruvian pisco

Pisco is the Peruvian National spirit. It is made by distilling wine fermented from the fresh must of eight specific varieties of vines to produce a clear, transparent brandy. Peruvian pisco stands out due to its traditional artisanal production methods and consequently tends to be more expensive than Chilean pisco and is considered by many the premium style of pisco.

Pisco image

Pisco

Sometimes described as a squabble, a dispute, a deep-seated grievance or even a war, the disagreement between Peru and Chile over who owns pisco has been going for generations. The South-American grape brandy is produced in both countries, adored and excessively consumed in both, and they are each adamant it is their national drink.

Poteens / poitins image

Poteens / poitins

Pronounced 'puh-cheen', this spirit has been produced in Ireland since the 1600s, when potatoes were first harvested. Sometimes known as 'Irish Moonshine' or 'Mountain Dew', the original Gaelic name Poitín is a diminutive of the Irish word 'pota', meaning 'little pot', highlighting the small-scale production in pot stills. Poitín has been anglicised to also be spelt poteen.

Rum & Cachaça image

Rum & Cachaça

The spectrum of rum ranges from light, vodka-like extra-light white rums through to characterful cognac-like aged rums with Navy, Dunder and such like in between. If that were not enough, in addition flavoured rums include spiced, vanilla and orange. Rules? Anything goes – well almost...

Scotch - blended Scotch whisky image

Scotch - blended Scotch whisky

In accordance with the Scotch Whisky Act of 1988, for a whisky to be termed a ‘Scotch whisky’ it must be distilled in Scotland from fermented cereal grains, yeast and water. Maturation must also be in Scotland for minimum of three years in oak casks no larger than 700 litres.

Scotch Grain Whisky image

Scotch Grain Whisky

Until the 1830s almost all Scottish whisky was made exclusively from malted barley and produced in pot stills – i.e., it was what we would today call ‘malt whisky’. However, two developments brought about ‘Scottish grain whisky’ and ‘Scotch blended whisky’. The first was the development of a new type of still, the Coffey still, the second was the repeal of the British Corn Laws.

Tasmanian Whisky image

Tasmanian Whisky

Easily misunderstood as a pretty wilderness south of the mainland and famous for the Beaconsville mine collapse that left two men trapped a kilometre underground for two weeks, Tasmania is commonly referred to by the rest of Australia as a hippie backwater. But the world's 26th largest island is home to a well-respected and growing craft whisky industry.

Tsipouro / Τσίπουρο image

Tsipouro / Τσίπουρο

Tsipouro (Greek: τσίπουρο) is a traditional Greek spirit distilled from grape pomace. Bottled at 40-45% alc./vol, tsipouro comes in two types: unflavoured and flavoured, the latter usually with anise and fennel.

Whisk(e)y image

Whisk(e)y

The word ‘whiskey’ derives from the Gaelic ‘uisque beatha’, meaning ‘water of life’ and whiskies are distilled in countries around the world including Scotland, Ireland, USA, Canada, Australia and Japan. The spelling varies between countries with the ‘e’ either included or omitted (though ‘whiskey’ is the spelling for whiskies in general).