The origins of the Wall Street Journal lie in a series of bulletins that were issued throughout the working day and delivered by hand to traders on the New York Stock Exchange by the Dow Jones & Company.
These were then compiled at the end of the day into the Customers' Afternoon Letter and it was this that later became the Wall Street Journal, first published this day in 1889. It has one of the highest newspaper circulations in the United States and has won a Pulitzer Prize 40 times, reason enough we think to toast it with a gin-based cocktail, The Business, to say Happy Birthday to this long-standing publication.
A Night Witch died this day
Ever heard of the Night Witches? They were a division of female combat pilots who fought the Nazis from converted cropdusters during World War II.
All volunteers, some only in their teens, the women would fly eight or more missions a night - in planes so flimsy that a tracer bullet would set them alight. They flew in the dark, without parachutes, guns, radios or radar, without even a screen to stop their faces from freezing in the open cockpits. And, amazingly, many of them survived.
One of the last Night Witches, Nadia Popova, died on this day in 2013, aged 91. We are toasting her and her fellow aviators - many of whom, like the regiment's founder Marina Raskova, did not survive the war - with an Aviation.