|1 2/3 fl oz||Avallen Calvados|
|1/2 fl oz||Lemon juice (freshly squeezed)|
|1/4 fl oz||Lime juice (freshly squeezed)|
|1/4 fl oz||Giffard Sugar Cane Syrup|
|1/12 fl oz||Raspberry (framboise) sugar syrup|
|1/12 fl oz||Giffard Grenadine syrup|
|1 dash||Orange Bitters by Angostura|
|1/4 fl oz||Pasteurised egg white|
Difford's Guide remains free-to-use thanks to the support of the brands in green above.
In his 1948 The Fine Art of Mixing Drinks, David Embury says, "a Jack Rose is nothing but a Pink Apple Car" and when made with just calvados, lemon juice and one-dimensional sweet grenadine, he's right. Popular recipes tend to be:
45ml (1½oz) Calvados/apple jack
22.5ml (¾oz) Lime or lemon juice
15ml (½oz) Grenadine
However, with artisanal grenadine or raspberry syrup (as per the original recipe) the Jack Rose can be so much more. I like to split the citrus juices between lemon and lime as per the original 1908 recipe with a dash of bitters as a nod to the third citrus fruit in that recipe. I also add a dash of egg white to round the palate, although I can understand many choosing to omit this foam inducing addition.
The first known Jack Rose recipe appears in Jacob Abraham Grohusko's 1908 Jack's Manual with the following recipe:
"1 teaspoon sugar
10 dashes Raspberry syrup
10 dashes lemon juice
5 dashes orange juice
Juice ½ lime
75% cider brandy
Fill glass with cracked ice, shake and strain, fill with fizz water and serve.
By the time the Jack Rose reappears in Jacques Straub's 1914 Drinks it was reduced to just three ingredients, much closer to modern-day renditions:
"1 jigger Applejack.
¼ jigger grenadine syrup. Shake well."
Like many great classics, this drink is served with numerous plausible origins for its name but given the 1908 appearance above, some are easily discounted:
1. The Jack Rose is named after the Jacqueminot rose, which in turn takes its name from the French general, Jean-François Jacqueminot. According to Albert S. Crockett's 1935 The Old Waldorf-Astoria Bar Book, it is so-called because of its pink colour, the exact shade of a Jacqueminot rose, when properly concocted.
2. Some credit this drink's creation to the Colt's Neck inn in New Jersey, which was originally owned by a member of the Laird's family of applejack distillers. His name was Jack and 'Rose' is said to be a reference to the drink's reddish-pink hue. However, this theory has been discredited by Lisa Laird-Dunn, a ninth-generation Laird family ancestor.
3. Others simply claim 'Jack' is short for 'applejack' and again hold that 'Rose' a reference to the drink's colour.
4. According to the Police Gazette of 1905, "Frank J. May, better known as Jack Rose, is the inventor of a very popular cocktail by that name, which has made him famous as a mixologist." Jack Rose, apparently also a wrestler, held bar at Gene Sullivan's Café, 187 Pavonia Avenue, Jersey City, New Jersey.
5. Jack Rose, a late 19th century New York small-time gangster, was the informant in a notorious 1912 murder case. "Bald" Jack Rose, whose favourite beverage is said to have been applejack brandy with lemon and grenadine, was heavily implicated in the 1912 shooting of Herman 'Beansy' Rosenthal, the owner of several New York gambling dens who was in throws of blowing the lid on police and municipal links to organised crime. Rosenthal had already squealed to the press and on the evening of July 15, after the lengthy delivery of his affidavit, left D.A. Charles Whitman's office at around midnight. Fatally he then headed to the Metropole Café at the Hotel Metropole on West 43rd Street, a favourite late-night gambler's haunt, for a nightcap. As he exited the Metropole he was killed by four bullets, one to the chest and three to his head. The hit was pinned on a Lieutenant Charles Becker of the NYPD's anti-gambling squad and Rose was the star witness in what was the trial of the century. Becker went to the electric chair while Rose apparently went into the catering business, lending his name to his favourite drink.
6. Or, alternatively, it could be named after Jack Rose, an early 20th century brand of small cigars which sold for five cents a pack. Interestingly, these little cigars became known by the nickname 'squealers' after the Rosenthal case.
Whatever, don't let the truth stand in the way of a good bar story.