Serve in aCoupe glass
Lemon zest twist
How to make:
STIR all ingredients with ice and strain into chilled glass.
|1 fl oz||Hayman's Sloe Gin|
|1 fl oz||Red/rosso vermouth semi-dry (circa 80gms sugar p/l)|
|1 fl oz||Dry vermouth|
|2 dash||Angostura Aromatic Bitters|
|1 dash||Orange Bitters by Angostura|
Read about cocktail measures and measuring.
Dashes of bitters and lemon oils from the garnish are key to this sloe gin-based classic from the turn of the 20th century.
There are numerous blackthorn recipes, but they fall into two camps: one based on Irish whisky with vermouth and absinthe and the other with gin/sloe gin and vermouth. The numbering of the various Blackthorn variations starts in the 1930 Swallows edition of Boothby's World's Drinks And How To Mix Them and continues in his posthumously published 1934 edition, where he adds the Blackthorn No. 5.
Blackthorn No. 1 - sloe gin, rosso vermouth, dry vermouth, aromatic bitters, orange bitters.
Blackthorn No. 2 - sloe gin, rosso vermouth, sugar syrup, lemon juice, aromatic bitters, orange bitters.
Blackthorn No. 3 (AKA Blackthorn Irish) - Irish whiskey, dry vermouth, absinthe, Bokers bitters.
Blackthorn No. 4 - gin, Dubonnet, kirshwasser, orange bitters.
Blackthorn No. 5 - gin, sloe gin, dry vermouth, lemon juice, sugar syrup, aromatic bitters.
Blackthorn (English) - gin, sloe gin, rosso vermouth, dry vermouth, orange bitters, aromatic bitters.
The Blackthorn No. 1 predates but is virtually the same as the Café Royal Bar Book's San Francisco.
This sloe gin/gin version of the Blackthorn cocktail (see Blackthorn No.3 for the whiskey-based version) is first mentioned in a piece titled "New Things in Tipples" in the 21st November 1897 New York Herald as one of three "cocktails which are the products of the fertile imagination of the high card of the Hoffman grill room."
The Blackthorn cocktail is made of "slow gin," which, you know, is a liqueur, and Italian vermouth, with the addition of a dash of Angostura bitters. This is a very popular drink, as might be surmised from an inspection of its component parts.New York Herald, 21/Nov/1897
Less flatteringly, "Shun Blackthorn Cocktail" in the 13th December 1905 Los Angeles Herald recounts the testimony of a drunk "arraigned before Judge Rose" and his "Hallucinations produced by indulgence in a new drink known as the "blackthorn cocktail"." Importantly this piece also gives the recipe.
How Drink Is MadeLos Angeles Herald, 13/Dec/1905
"The cocktail is made of one-third each of French and Italian vermouths and slow gin with a dash of orange and pychaud bitters," said a bartender. "All is poured over ice and thus diluted." The hallucinations are produced by the combination of vermouths and slow gin. Vermouths are in themselves brain stimulants of a milder form and gin is a more violent stimulant. A reaction is formed, producing the hallucinations.
"The name is derived from the blackthorn bush, as the coloring of the slow gin is obtained from the sloeberry which grows on the blackthorn bush. Slow gin is redistilled gin. It is from the blackthorn bush that the shillalah carried by all the natives of Ireland is made. The blackthorn cocktail is delicious, but take the advice of the bartenders and beware."
The first appearance of the Blackthorn in a cocktail recipe book is in William "Cocktail Bill" Boothby's 1908 World's Drinks And How To Mix Them with a recipe credited to William Smith of the Royal Hawaiian Hotel in Honolulu.
Into a mixing-glass of cracked ice pour a jiggerful of equal parts of French vermouth, Italian vermouth and Sloe gin, add a flavor of Orange bitters and a drop or two of Angostura bitters. Stir until very cold, strain into a stem cocktail-glass, squeeze a piece of lemon peel over the top and smile.William Boothby, The World's Drinks And How To Mix Them, 1908
BLACKTHORNWilliam Boothby, The World's Drinks And How To Mix Them, 1934
Sloe Gin . . . . . . . . . ⅓
It. Vermouth . . . . . ⅓
Fr. Vermouth . . . . ⅓
Orange bitters . . . . 1 dash
bitters . . . . . . . . . . . 2 drops
Stir well with ice, strain into chilled glass, twist lemon peel over and serve.
One serving of Blackthorn No. 1 contains 132 calories.