Unknown but this 15:1 gin to vermouth Martini was said to be Ernest Hemingway's favourite formula and is named after British Field Marshall Bernard Montgomery, who it is said, liked the gin in his Martini to outnumber the vermouth in roughly the same ratio as he liked to outnumber his opponents in battle. Nicknamed ‘Monty’, Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery (1887-1976) fought and was seriously wounded in the First World War and was one of the most notorious British commanders in the Second World War. He commanded allied troops at the Battle of El Alamein and was a key planner of the Normandy D-Day invasion. On 4 May 1945 he took the German surrender at Luneburg Heath in northern Germany.
Recipe adapted from 'Old Waldorf Bar Days' published 1931, which said of this drink, "The name of an American yacht which took care of one of Sir Thomas Lipton's early but seemingly endless Shamrocks'". (Shamrock being the name of Sir Thomas Lipton's fleet of America's Cup racing yachts.)
It's likely the original Martinez was based on Dutch jenever rather than English old tom or dry gin and O. Byron's 1884 The Modern Bartender suggests it would also have had a couple of dashes of both Angostura bitters and orange curaçao. The proportions of vermouth used reflect the sales of French and Italian vermouths in America at the time.
Recipe adapted from W.J. Tarling's 1937 'Cafe Royal Cocktail Book - Coronation Edition' in which Tarling credits this drink's creation to Harry Craddock, the then head bartender of the American Bar at London's Savoy Hotel.
For over 300 years the British Navy issued a daily 'tot' of rum, sometimes with double issues before battle. In 1740, as an attempt to combat drunkenness, Admiral Vernon gave orders that the standard daily issue of half a pint of neat, high-proof rum be replaced with two servings of a quarter of a pint, diluted 4:1 with water. The Admiral was nicknamed 'Old Grogram' due to the waterproof grogram cloak he wore, so the mixture he introduced became known as 'grog'. Lime juice was often added to the grog in an attempt to prevent scurvy, lending British sailors their 'limey' nickname. The 'tot' tradition, which started in Jamaica in 1665, was finally broken on 31st July 1970, a day now known as Black Tot Day, although by then the 'tot' had been reduced to a meagre two ounces. We hate to let truth ruin a good story but drinks historians now say that grog emanates from an earlier period than Old Grogram.
As with the Martini, the glass this cocktail is served in has taken the name of the drink. Its origin stems from the adaptation and renaming of a similar drink known as the Whisky Cocktail which was shaken and served up. Who did the adapting and renaming is unknown.
According to David A. Embury's 1948 'Fine Art of Mixing Drinks' the classic proportions of a daiquiri are: 8 parts (2 shots) white label Cuban rum, 2 parts (1/2 shot) lime juice and 1 part (1/4 shot) sugar syrup. I have added the optional addition of water for increased dilution.